The Radio Equipment Directive 2014/53/EU

Introduction

  • On 16 April 2014, the European Union adopted a new set of rules for placing radio equipment on the European market, and putting them into service.
  • EU Member States have to adapt their National laws to this new Radio Equipment Directive (RED) (2014/53/EU, published on 22 May 2014), and apply its provisions from 13 June 2016. Manufacturers who were compliant with the existing legislation (RTTED or LVD/EMCD) had until 13 June 2017 to comply with the new requirements.
  • The existing Radio & Telecommunications Terminal Equipment Directive (R&TTED) (1999/5/EC) was repealed on 13 June 2016.

The European Commission intends to cite a list of Harmonised Standards in the Official Journal of the European Union. A manufacturer who chooses to build equipment according to the relevant cited Harmonised Standard may declare conformity and place his equipment on the market of the EU Member States. Member States shall allow it to be placed on the market and used, although some National conditions for use may be required under specific circumstances (e.g. public health or the introduction of a specific authorization regime for the purposes of efficient and effective use of the spectrum).

Although Harmonised Standards provide a presumption of conformity, they are never compulsory. A manufacturer is always free to establish a technical file to demonstrate that his equipment meets the essential requirements of the Directive. If a manufacturer chose this route, he would be required to request a Type Examination from a Notified Body (see www.redca.eu for further details).

What has changed since the R&TTED

  • The RED applies to equipment that is placed on the market (this contrasts with the R&TTED, which also applied to “relevant components” of radio equipment).
  • The RED applies to equipment which intentionally transmits or receives radio waves for communications or radiodetermination, regardless of its primary function. For example, a “connected” device that uses an embedded radio module for communications or to determine its position has to meet the same radio requirements as a purpose-built radio equipment.
  • Wired telecommunications terminal equipment that does not function using radio is not covered by the RED.
  • Radio equipment covered by the RED is not subject to the Low-Voltage Directive (LVD) or the Electromagnetic Compatibility Directive (EMCD): the essential requirements of those Directives are covered by the essential requirements of the RED, with certain modifications.
  • The RED places additional emphasis on efficient and effective use of the spectrum. In particular radio equipment needs to demonstrate the performance of its receiver part, as well as its transmitter, as both are considered to affect the efficient and effective use of the spectrum.
  • The RED applies to radio equipment operating at frequencies below 3 000 GHz, including radio equipment operating below 9 kHz that is not covered by the R&TTED or by National frequency regulations.
  • The RED also applies to radiodetermination equipment: equipment that uses the propagation qualities of radio waves to determine its position.
  • The R&TTED specifically excluded Broadcast TV & radio receivers from its scope. These are now specifically included in the scope of the RED.

Our Role & Activities

ETSI’s response

  • Receiver requirements: many Harmonised Standards under the R&TTED did not include requirements on receivers, as these had not been necessary in order to demonstrate compliance. These Harmonised Standards are being revised to include the necessary receiver requirements to meet the revised article 3.2 of the RED. In order to guide the Technical Committees and to ensure a consistence of approach, ETSI has developed EG 203 336. As well as providing guidance to Technical Committees, this is expected to be useful to manufacturers in their development of technical files in cases where the Harmonised Standards have not yet been produced.
  • Broadcast receivers: ETSI is developing standards for efficient & effective use of the radio spectrum (article 3.2 of the RED) to enable the compliance of terrestrial TV and radio receivers, and also satellite receivers. Under a long-standing agreement with CENELEC, the EMC standards (article 3.1b) for broadcast receivers are still being developed by CENELEC.
  • “Combined Equipment”: in order to meet growing demand for connected devices, many manufacturers are developing “smart” variants of existing products, incorporating radio devices. Such products need to meet the RED. ETSI is developing a Guide (EG 203 367 - in ETSI work programme database) to advise manufacturers to what extent the compliance assessment of the existing (non-radio) product could be re-used as part of a technical file under the RED. Alternatively, manufacturers of connected versions of the equipment can re-assess the entire product against the relevant standards for the RED.
  • Equipment operating below 9 kHz: ETSI is developing a generic standard for equipment operating in these bands (EN 303 660 - in ETSI work programme database) and a specific Harmonised Standard for inductive Telecoil systems for the hearing impaired.
  • Radiodetermination equipment: ETSI had developed standards for proximity radar systems, in particular for automotive use. In order to meet the RED, ETSI is developing more standards for radar, including maritime and aeronautical applications. ETSI is also considering proposals to develop Harmonised Standards for global navigation satellite systems, permitting the compliance of a wide range of consumer products that incorporate such functions.

Co-operation with other organisations

ETSI will continue its co-operation with the CEPT to ensure that ETSI Harmonised Standards and CEPT activities to harmonized use of radio frequencies continue to work hand-in-hand.

ETSI also has a long-standing co-operation with CENELEC under which CENELEC develops Harmonised Standards for electrical safety (article 3.1a of the RED) and for broadcast receiver EMC (article 3.1b). Harmonised Standards for EMC for all other radio equipment (article 3.1b), efficient and effective use of the spectrum (article 3.2) and specific requirements (article 3.3) will continue to be developed by ETSI.

ETSI has been formally requested (request M/536) by the European Commission to provide a suite of Harmonised Standards related to the RED. A summary of ETSI’s work programme related to this Directive (and the EMC Directive) can be
downloaded xlsmfrom this website.

ETSI also co-ordinated closely with Notified Bodies via the RED Compliance Association, Enforcement Authorities (via the Administrations Co-operation (ADCO) group) and with the relevant services of the European Commission.

More information

As an Institute, ETSI attends the CEPT/ECC and certain key meetings of the European Commission (including the Member States’ meetings under the R&TTE Directive, the RED and the Radio Spectrum Decision). ETSI Members are invited to brief the representatives via regular conference calls advertised on the Radio Briefing e-mail list (RADIO_BRIEFING@list.etsi.org). In order to participate, Members are invited to send a request to ESPsupport@etsi.org

Standards

The following is a list of the 20 latest published ETSI standards under the Radio Equipment Directive 2014/53/EU. For only those already cited in the Official Journal please refer to the Harmonised Standards for the Radio Equipment Directive (RED).

A full list of related standards in the public domain is accessible via the ETSI standards search. Via this interface you can also subscribe for alerts on updates of ETSI standards.

For work in progress see the ETSI Work Programme on the Portal.

Standard No. Standard title.
EN 301 908-13 IMT cellular networks; Harmonised Standard covering the essential requirements of article 3.2 of Directive 2014/53/EU; Part 13: Evolved Universal Terrestrial Radio Access (E-UTRA) User Equipment (UE)
EN 301 908-2 IMT cellular networks; Harmonised Standard covering the essential requirements of article 3.2 of Directive 2014/53/EU; Part 2: CDMA Direct Spread (UTRA FDD) User Equipment (UE)
EN 303 402 Maritime mobile transmitters and receivers for use in the MF and HF bands; Harmonised Standard covering the essential requirements of articles 3.2 and 3.3(g) of Directive 2014/53/EU
EN 300 224 Land Mobile Service; Radio Equipment for use in a Paging Service operating within the frequency range 25 MHz - 470 MHz; Harmonised Standard covering the essential requirements of article 3.2 of Directive 2014/53/EU
EN 303 316 Broadband Direct Air-to-Ground Communications; Equipment operating in the 1 900 MHz to 1 920 MHz and 5 855 MHz to 5 875 MHz frequency bands; Beamforming antennas; Harmonised Standard covering the essential requirements of article 3.2 of Directive 2014/53/EU
EN 300 698 Radio telephone transmitters and receivers for the maritime mobile service operating in the VHF bands used on inland waterways; Harmonised Standard covering the essential requirements of articles 3.2 and 3.3(g) of Directive 2014/53/EU
EN 302 054 Meteorological Aids (Met Aids); Radiosondes to be used in the 400,15 MHz to 406 MHz frequency range with power levels ranging up to 200 mW; Harmonised Standard covering the essential requirements of article 3.2 of Directive 2014/53/EU
EN 302 454 Meteorological Aids (Met Aids); Radiosondes to be used in the 1 668,4 MHz to 1 690 MHz frequency range; Harmonised Standard covering the essential requirements of article 3.2 of Directive 2014/53/EU
EN 303 417 Wireless power transmission systems, using technologies other than radio frequency beam in the 19 - 21 kHz, 59 - 61 kHz, 79 - 90 kHz, 100 - 300 kHz, 6 765 - 6 795 kHz ranges; Harmonised Standard covering the essential requirements of article 3.2 of Directive 2014/53/EU
EN 303 447 Short Range Devices (SRD); Inductive loop systems for robotic mowers in the frequency range 0 Hz to 148,5 kHz; Harmonised Standard covering the essential requirements of article 3.2 of Directive 2014/53/EU
EN 302 065-5 Short Range Devices (SRD) using Ultra Wide Band technology (UWB); Harmonised Standard covering the essential requirements of article 3.2 of Directive 2014/53/EU; Part 5: Devices using UWB technology onboard aircraft
EN 302 567 Multiple-Gigabit/s radio equipment operating in the 60 GHz band; Harmonised Standard covering the essential requirements of article 3.2 of Directive 2014/53/EU
EN 303 348 Induction loop systems intended to assist the hearing impaired in the frequency range 10 Hz to 9 kHz; Harmonised Standard covering the essential requirements of article 3.2 of Directive 2014/53/EU
EN 301 357 Cordless audio devices in the range 25 MHz to 2 000 MHz; Harmonised Standard covering the essential requirements of article 3.2 of Directive 2014/53/EU
EN 300 440 Short Range Devices (SRD); Radio equipment to be used in the 1 GHz to 40 GHz frequency range; Harmonised Standard covering the essential requirements of article 3.2 of Directive 2014/53/EU
EN 302 296 Digital Terrestrial TV Transmitters; Harmonised Standard covering the essential requirements of article 3.2 of Directive 2014/53/EU
EN 303 413 Satellite Earth Stations and Systems (SES); Global Navigation Satellite System (GNSS) receivers; Radio equipment operating in the 1 164 MHz to 1 300 MHz and 1 559 MHz to 1 610 MHz frequency bands; Harmonised Standard covering the essential requirements of article 3.2 of Directive 2014/53/EU
EN 301 893 5 GHz RLAN; Harmonised Standard covering the essential requirements of article 3.2 of Directive 2014/53/EU
EN 301 428 Satellite Earth Stations and Systems (SES); Harmonised Standard for Very Small Aperture Terminal (VSAT); Transmit-only, transmit/receive or receive-only satellite earth stations operating in the 11/12/14 GHz frequency bands covering the essential requirements of article 3.2 of Directive 2014/53/EU
EN 302 018 Transmitting equipment for the Frequency Modulated (FM) sound broadcasting service; Harmonised Standard covering the essential requirements of article 3.2 of Directive 2014/53/EU